Primary System in Florida 2021-22
SPECIAL ELECTION FOR CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT 20
Due to the death of long-time Congressman Alcee Hastings, a special election must be held to fill that office. CD20 covers several areas in Broward County plus several areas in Palm Beach County. Many candidates have expressed interest in running for that seat. The qualifying date for those candidates is August 10, 2021. The Primary Election is on November 2, 2021 with Election Day, January 11, 2022. All candidates who wish to run for this office but who are now in certain other elected offices need to submit an irrevocable letter of resignation by July 30, 2021, effective no later than January 11, 2022. Some of those elected seats will be filled by the Governor, some by a different special election. Because of the Redistricting necessary in 2022 (see the article on Redistricting below), all of these seats will be open again, to be filled by the General Election, Nov. 8, 2022, perhaps with different district lines.
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS IN CERTAIN MUNICIPALITIES: MARCH 8, 2022
There will also be select Municipalities with commission elections on March 8, 2022: Lauderdale By The Sea, Lazy Lake, Lighthouse Point, Pembroke Park, Pembroke Pines, and Sea Ranch Lakes. Some other municipalities may have charter questions or special elections also on a March 8 ballot. Please note that Municipality voting uses precinct voting on Election Day, Vote-By-Mail ballots, but not Early Voting. See www.browardvotes.gov or the municipality website for more information.
FLORIDA IS A CLOSED PRIMARY STATE
Florida has a closed primary system which means that only those voters enrolled in the Party can vote in the Party’s primary. Whenever there are 2 or more candidates of the same political party vying for the same position, party members, in the Primary Election, choose the candidate to represent them in the November General Election. The regular 2022 fall primary will be on August 23 . 2022.
All voters, including those with any other affiliation, may vote for non-partisan candidates for County Court Judges, Circuit Court Judges and Broward School Board. If no one receives 50% plus one vote (a majority), the run-off will be held at the November General Election.
Special Universal Primary: There is an interesting exception to the closed primary rule. Voters amended the Florida Constitution in 1998 to allow any registered voter to vote in a primary if there will be no other challenger on the November General Election Ballot. That is, if 3 Democrats qualify for a district seat in the Florida Legislature, and no Republican or other party candidate, including write-ins, qualifies to be on the November ballot, all registered voters may vote in that primary. This allows all voters to choose the representative, in effect treating the Primary as a General Election.
PARTISAN RACES IN THIS ELECTION CYCLE:
Elected from districts: all U.S. Congressmen; all Florida State Senators, all Florida House members; all Broward County Commissioners will be elected from new districts. In addition, partisan candidates for US Senator, Florida Governor and Cabinet (Florida Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer and Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services) will be on the ballot.